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How The Earth Was Made

How The Earth Was Made

Building on the success of the two hour special, How the Earth Was Made- The Series will do for geology what The Universe has done for astronomy. The series will go back in history from 4.5 billion years ago and travel all over the world in order to peel back layers of rock, fill up river canyons, part the oceans, level mountains and volcanoes, and investigate fascinating geological formations to tell the story of how the earth was made. We'll go on location with scientists who reveal the latest thinking on how each phenomenon came into existence, what forces caused the mountain to rise or the canyon to form. Each episode will capture a particular moment in history, a special location or a key process that created amazing geological formations we know or have heard about today.

Birth Of The Earth
This episode travels back in time to investigate how molten rock solidified to land, how our oceans filled with water and how life arrived on Earth.
Everest is the tallest and biggest mountain on earth, and yet its sedimentary layers contain fossils that were once creatures that lived on the ocean seabed.
Ring Of Fire
A ring of active volcanoes from White Island, through the South China seas, Japan, the Cascades and down through the Andes is almost 25,000 miles long and is one of the most awesome sights on Earth.
Scientific discoveries show that Mt. Vesuvius is capable of an eruption larger than ever before and that hidden beneath Vesuvius there is a vast magma chamber of boiling hot rock, ready to come out.
Mt. St. Helens
Mt. St. Helens is an acidic volcano. A new plug has formed in its throat and is rising. When it blows, it will be releasing pressure below and allowing dissolved gases to escape and explode.
Death Valley
It is not only a place of natural splendor but a geologic treasure trove as well. Death Valley is literally being pulled apart and the floor is collapsing and lower than sea level.
Walled by granite cliffs and made from one of the toughest rocks on earth, Yosemite Valley is home to the El Capitan and Half Dome. Yet how this valley formed has been the subject of controversy for years.
Earth's Deadliest Eruption
250 million years ago, huge volumes of lava spewed out onto the surface. The greenhouse gases that escaped from the depressurized lava caused a massive global warming and 95% of the species became extinct.
Grand Canyon
Nearly 300 miles long and a mile deep, the formation of Grand Canyon was due to vast tectonic clashes and the flow of thick sediments from the Colorado river.
America's Ice Age
Why are there ice ages and when is the next one due? As the Earth orbits the Sun, its orbit changes slightly and so does its angle of rotation.
The Rockies
From Alaska to New Mexico, the Rockies are one of the great mountain belts of the world, caused by tectonic forces of the Pacific Plate pushing against the North American continent.
Scientists delve deep into Krakatoa's existence, finding evidence that its 1883 eruption may not be its worst. Digging into the past, they examine what made this volcano so extraordinarily dangerous.
New York
Learn how New Jersey and North Africa were neighbors 250 million years ago, and how Long Island is covered in rubble that dumped as ice sheets retreated 10,000 years ago.
The Hawaiian islands are the remotest island chain on the planet. Emerging in the centre of the Pacific their origins have remained a puzzle. Follow the story to try and understand these beautiful islands.
The Deepest Place On Earth
The Marianas Trench is the deepest place on earth. Follow the daring missions into the abyss and explore the extraordinary geology that has created this deep scar along the ocean floor.
Driest Place On Earth
The Atacama desert is the driest place on Earth. Since human records of the area began, some places have never received rain. The soil is so dry that it has been used as a test bed for the Mars rovers.
Iceland is the largest volcanic island on the planet. Lava rips huge tears in the ground and new islands are born from the waves. Yet Iceland has a history of being covered in, and carved by ice.
The Alps
Spanning seven countries and providing essential water to millions, the Alps are Europe's most important landmark. But how did marine fossils get here, seven thousand feet above sea level?
These giant mountain sized boulders from space have wrought death and destruction throughout the millennia but they have also left us with great riches, and perhaps even the gift of life itself.
Great Lakes
The Great Lakes of North America are the largest expanse of fresh water on the planet. Searching for clues of their formation, our geologists climb a glacier, and dive to the bottom of Lake Superior.
Tsunamis are one of the most terrifying forces of nature, destroying all in their path. What are the enormous forces that generate these catastrophic waves deep on the ocean floor?
San Andreas Fault
The San Andreas Fault runs 800 miles through some of the most valuable real estate. Take a trip along the fault line in the world and examine the geology that gives it its immense destructive power.
Yellowstone has been on a regular eruption cycle of 600,000 years but the last eruption was over 640,000 years ago. But today it is still active. Is this sleeping giant beginning to stir?
Loch Ness
Loch Ness holds more water than any other lake in Britain. We trace the extraordinary story of Loch Ness: from the bedrock of Northern Scotland, to the giant glaciers that carved out the Loch.